HostID

From The System Administrator Zone

SunOS HostID

On the older SunOS servers, the hostid was based on the MAC address of the primary network interface. By truncating leading zeros your would get 8:0:20:xx:xx:xx displayed by ifconfig.

The hostid starts with the first two octets of the MAC address -- followed by six hexadecimal characters representing the last three octets. Thus, a server with a MAC address of 08:00:20:0a:1b:2c would have a hostid of 800a1b2c. I have a sparcstation with the MAC address of 00:03:ba:ec:3b:11 and a hostid of 83ec3b11.

I believe with the newer servers, this is all being done away with and is supported by a "system configuration card" allowing you to take all of this information from one server to another in the event of a major hardware failure.

Red Hat Enterprise Linux HostID

For RHEL, the hostid command does the following:

  1. calls gethostname() [i.e. takes the hostname given by the output of the 'hostname' command in the shell]
  2. Finds the entry in /etc/hosts that corresponds to the ip address of the hostname.
  3. Copies octets from the ip address and prints them as a hex number:
        AA.BB.CC.DD ==> 0x[BB][AA][DD][CC]

Our problem was that there was no entry other than localhost in /etc/hosts

        127.0.0.1 saturn.example.com saturn localhost.localdomain localhost

When that happens, the hostid command will always return 007f0100.

I changed /etc/hosts to;

        127.0.0.1       localhost.localdomain localhost
        192.164.10.10   saturn.example.com saturn

and the output of the hostid command changed to:

        190a2936 (not the real number)

/etc/hostid

Some variations of Unix may read the file /etc/hostid as an option, allowing you to change it at will.